Nov 28, 2012

Posted by in Ḥadīth, Nafl (Optional), Q & A, Sunnah, Ṣalāh | 2 Comments

Performing two Rakaats before the Fard of Maghrib Salaah

Performing two Rakaats before the Fard of Maghrib Salaah

Question:

A Brother from Morrocco, in our Masjid told the crowd that praying Maghrib salat immediately after the Azaan is against the well known ahadith of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and that we should give at least 5 minutes gap between Azaan and Iqamat.

He provided the following Ahadith as proof.

1.  At the Prophet’s (PBUH) sahabah prayed 2 rakat between azaan and Iqamat which needs time.

2.  The Prophet (PBUH) asked us to make dua between azaan and Iqamat.

3.  Some sahabah when they came late and saw others perform individual salat, thought that the salat was over, later found that sahabah were actually praying sunnah before Iqamat.

This has confused many of Indo-Pak sub continent brothers in our Masjid.

Please, provide evidence from Ahadith and Sunnah, so we can remove this confusion.

Answer:

As-salāmu ‘Alaykum Wa-rahmatullāhi Wa-barakātuh.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

There is difference of opinion with regards to the two Rakaats performed before the Fard of Maghrib.

According to Ahanaaf and the Maalikiya Mazhab it is Makrooh (Abominable).[1]

According to Hambaliya Mazhab it’s permissible to read the two Rakaats but it is not a Sunnah.[2]

According to the Shafi Mazhab its Sunnah.[3]

Hadith used as their proof;

حدثني عبد الله المزني ، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : صلوا قبل صلاة المغرب- قال في الثالثة – لمن شاء كراهية أن يتخذها الناس سنة.[4

Explanation of Hadith:

Nabi Sallahu Alayhi Wasallam had mentioned twice, that perform two Rakaats before the Salaat of Maghrib, and the third time he mentioned “who ever wishes” This was mentioned so the Sahaabah so that they don’t regard it to be Sunnah Muakkadah. At most these two Rakaats would be in the category of Mustahab. If these two Rakaats are read a person would be giving preference to a Mustahab act over a Sunnah act and this will lead to karahat.[5]

According to the Hanafi Mazhab;

1) It is Sunnah to read Maghrib Salaah immediately after the Azaan and Iqamah due to the shortage of time.[6]

Note:

Hence due to the difference of opinions in the different Mazaahib, each person should adhere to his own Mazhab and not to engage in academics without having the qualifications to do so.

2) Yes, Dua after the Azaan is Sunnah but it does not mean that extra time should be given for the Dua between the Azaan and Iqamah of Maghrib.[7]

And Allah Ta’ala knows best
Mufti Luqman Hansrot
Fatwa Dept.



[1] ذهب الحنفية والمالكية إلى كراهة التنفل قبل صلاة المغرب ؛ لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم : بين كل أذانين صلاة إلا المغرب .

والمراد بالأذانين : الأذان والإقامة ، فبين أذان الصبح وإقامته سنة الفجر ، وبين أذان الظهر وإقامته سنة الظهر القبلية ، وبين أذان العصر وإقامته أربع ركعات مندوبة عند الحنفية ، وبين أذان العشاء وإقامته أربع ركعات مندوبة عند الحنفية إلا المغرب لقصر وقته .

(الموسوعة الفقهية , الكويتيية , وزارة الأوقاف والشئون الإسلامية ج7,ص183)

[2] وقال الحنابلة : هما جائزتان ، وليستا بسنة . كما استدلوا أيضا بما رواه مسلم عن أنس بن مالك : كنا بالمدينة فإذا أذن المؤذن لصلاة المغرب ابتدروا السواري ،  فيركعون ركعتين ركعتين حتى إن الرجل الغريب ليدخل المسجد ، فيحسب أن الصلاة قد صليت من كثرة من يصليهما.

(الموسوعة الفقهية , الكويتيية , وزارة الأوقاف والشئون الإسلامية ج7,ص183)

[3] وقال الشافعية : صلاة ركعتين قبل المغرب سنة على الصحيح كما قال النووي ؛ للأمر بهما في حديث أبي داود صلوا قبل صلاة المغرب ركعتين.

(الموسوعة الفقهية , الكويتيية , وزارة الأوقاف والشئون الإسلامية ج7,ص183)

فيه حديث صلاتهم ركعتين بعد الغروب وقبل صلاة المغرب وفي رواية أنهم كانوا يصلونها بعد الأذان وفي الحديث الآخر بين كل أذانين صلاة المراد بالأذانين الأذان والإقامة وفي هذه الروايات استحباب ركعتين بين المغرب وصلاة المغرب وفي المسألة وجهان لأصحابنا أشهرهما لا يستحب وأصحهما عند المحققين يستحب لهذه الأحاديث وفي المسألة مذهبان للسلف واستحبهما جماعة من الصحابة والتابعين من المتأخرين أحمد واسحق..

المنهاج شرح صحيح مسلم بن الحجاج , دار إحياء التراث العربي , ج 6, ص 123)

[4] صحيح البخارى , دار ابن كثير ، اليمامة – بيروت, ج1, ص 396

[5] Mazahir Haq, Pg 741, Vol 1.

[6] حدثني عبد الله بن بريدة الأسلمي عن أبيه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إن عند كل صلاة ركعتين ما خلا صلاة المغرب.

(مشكل الآثار الطاحاوي  ,حديث نمبر 4796)

 (كنز العمال في سنن الأقوال والأفعال, ج7,ص778 , حديث نمبر 21368 )

والظاهر أن السنة فعل المغرب فورا وبعده مباح إلى اشتباك النجوم فيكره بلا عذر ا هـ قلت أي يكره تحريما ، والظاهر أنه أراد المباح ما لا يمنع فلا ينافي كراهة التنزيه ويأتي تمامه قريبا .

(رد المحتار على الدر المختار, قديمي,ج1,ص368)

ولم يستحبهما أبو بكر وعمر وعثمان وعلى وآخرون من الصحابة ومالك وأكثر الفقهاء وقال النخعي هي بدعة وحجة هؤلاء أن استحبابهما يؤدي إلى تأخير المغرب عن أول وقتها قليلا

(المنهاج شرح صحيح مسلم بن الحجاج ,ج6,ص123) (دار إحياء التراث العربي – بيروت)

قال في النهر : وفي الأذان من الفتح قوله: بكراهته الركعتين قبل المغرب يشير إلى أن تأخير المغرب قدرهما مكروه.

(منحة الخالق ج1,ص248) (فتاوى محموديه ج6,ص457)

آفتاب غروب ہونے کے بعد ہی مغرب کی نماز کا وقت شروع ہو جاتا ہے اور اس میی بلاوجہ دیر کرنا کہ دو رکعات پڑہی جاسکے مکروہ ہے

(فتاوى محموديه ج6,ص457)

[7] ويدعو عند فراغه بالوسيلة لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ( ولو كان في المسجد حين سمعه ليس عليه الإجابة ، ولو كان خارجه أجاب ) بالمشي إليه

( بالقدم ، ولو أجاب باللسان لا به لا يكون مجيبا )

(رد المحتار على الدر المختار, قديمي,ج1,ص341)

اذان کے بعد دعائے  وسیلہ مستحب ہے

(فتاوى محموديه، ج5, ص413)

  1. abdula says:

    Asslaamu’alikum

    Dear Brother and Mufti,

    Performing two Rakaats before the Fard of Maghrib Salaah – http://efiqh.com/2012/1383/

    You have offered some explanation which appears to contradict the Hadith in Bukhari: Narrated `Abdullah Al-Muzni: The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Pray before the Maghrib (compulsory) prayer.” He (said it thrice) and in the third time, he said, “Whoever wants to offer it can do so.”). Bukhari 1183 (Eng) or 1110 (Arabic).)
    You said: “According to the Hanafi Mazhab; 1) It is Sunnah to read Maghrib Salaah immediately after the Azaan and Iqamah due to the shortage of time.”
    This is opposing the Prophet (pbuh) who Allah azza wa jalla sent to us to guide us.
    You have based your reasoning on some WEAK narrations. As you know, according to the Usool al-Hadith and Usool al-Fiqh, the authentic narrations will have precedence over any weak or unknown narrations. Also WEAK ahaadith can not be used to deny any authentic sayings of our beloved Prophet (pbuh), as these are defective for a variety of reasons.
    The least you could have said – should have been some thing like “allow time to do the 2 rakaat salah before Maghrib Fard for those who wish to perform it”
    Also let us follow what Imam Abū Ḥanīfah (Numān ibn Thābit ibn Zūṭā ibn Marzubān) (rahimuhullah) told us to follow authentic hadith replacing his opinion. All the four great Imams (rahimuhumullah) said similar statements. These are clear statements without any need to find any hidden meaning etc.

    Allahu ta’ala a’alam.

    If I said anything factually incorrect then please correct me with evidence Insha’Allah.

    May Allah guide you to accept and follow authentic Sunnah BLINDLY and NOT follow a Madhab BLINDLY. There is nothing wrong in following a Madhab, BUT NOT BLINDLY according to many well known scholars of Islam.

    I am writing this to you as I love you for the sake of Allah provided you and I are on the Sunnah bi-iznillah.

    May Allah guide us all. Ameen.

    Student of Religion (Islamic online University in Qatar)

  2. Mufti Luqman says:

    As-salāmu ‘Alaykum Wa-rahmatullāhi Wa-barakātuh.
    In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
    Respected Brother
    We hope with the Fadhl and grace of Allah Ta’ala you are in the best of health.
    Please note, that any ruling with regards to a Mas’alah which is answered, it is from the Hanafi view point with proofs and evidence.
    You should bear in mind that you may find many Ahaadith which appear to be Saheeh Ahaadith, However it is important to realize that every Hadith cannot be taken at face value, even though it might be Saheeh. There are many factors which could affect the status of practicing on the Hadith. Our illustrious Fuqaha رحمهم الله تعالى (Jurist), have made painstaking efforts in sifting out and clarifying which Ahaadith should be used and which should be left out. Not every Hadith is ma’mool bih (practiced upon).
    The narration in reference you mentioned is Sahih (authentic), However there are many authentic narrations to the contrary. The narration of Muslim clearly establishes that Nabi Salallaahu alayhi wasallam himself never performed this Salaah. In the narration of Abu Dawud, ibn Umar Radiyallaahu anhu mentions that he never saw anyone in the time of Nabi Salallaahu alayhi wasallam performing this Salaah. There are also narrations proving that illustrious Sahaaba Radhiyallaahu anhu such as Abu Bakr and Umar Radhiyallaahu anhum did not perform this Salaah.
    In the light of the above, together with many narrations that prove that Maghrib Salaah should be hastened after sunset and should not be delayed (Makrooh to do so).
    This Salaah is Makrooh according to the Hanafi Madhab. However, if there is already a delay in the Maghrib Salaah beyond one’s control, i.e. not intentionally delaying Maghrib, it is permissible to perform two Rakaats Salaah.
    We make Dua Allah Ta’ala accepts all your efforts for the uplift ment of his Deen and grants you Istiqamah. Aameen
    And Allah Ta’ala knows best
    Mufti Luqman Hansrot
    Fatwa Dept.
    http://www.efiqh.com
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