Obligation of Fasting in Ramaḍān

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum respected Mufti

I want to know that if a person just decides not to fast in Ramadhan does he become a kafir.

(Question published as received)

Answer:

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-raḥmatullāhi wa-barakātuh

The obligation of fasting in Ramaḍān has been established through the Qur’ān and Sunnah (authentic Aḥādīth). The Fuqahā’ have stated that the one who negates the obligation of fasting in Ramaḍān has lost his Īmān and the one who does not observe the Ramaḍān fasts without a valid reason is a Fāsiq (flagrant sinner). [1]

And Allah Ta‘ālā knows best          
(Mufti) Bilal al-Mahmudi

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai


[1]

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ، إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا، غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ. (صحيح البخاري. دار طوق النجاة (1/ 16))

وَهُوَ فَرِيضَةٌ مَحْكَمَةٌ يَكْفُرُ جَاحِدُهَا وَيَفْسُقُ تَارِكُهَا. ثَبَتَتْ فَرْضِيَّتُهُ بِالْكِتَابِ وَهُوَ قَوْله تَعَالَى: {فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ} [البقرة: 185] وقَوْله تَعَالَى: {كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ} [البقرة: 183] . وَبِالسُّنَّةِ وَهُوَ مَا مَرَّ مِنَ الْحَدِيثِ فِي كِتَابِ الصَّلَاةِ، وَقَوْلُهُ – عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ -: «صُومُوا شَهْرَكُمْ» وَعَلَيْهِ إِجْمَاعُ الْأُمَّةِ. (الاختيار لتعليل المختار. مطبعة الحلبي – القاهرة (1/ 125))