Obligation of Fasting in Ramaḍān

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum respected Mufti

I want to know that if a person just decides not to fast in Ramadhan does he become a kafir.

(Question published as received)

Answer:

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-raḥmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The obligation of fasting in Ramaḍān has been established through the Qur’ān and Sunnah (authentic Aḥādīth). The Fuqahā’ have stated that the one who negates the obligation of fasting in Ramaḍān has lost his Īmān and the one who does not observe the Ramaḍān fasts without a valid reason is a Fāsiq (flagrant sinner). [1]

And Allah Ta‘ālā knows best          
(Mufti) Bilal al-Mahmudi

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai


[1]

صحيح البخاري دار طوق النجاة 1/ 16

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ، إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا، غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ

الاختيار لتعليل المختار مطبعة الحلبي – القاهرة 1/ 125

وَهُوَ فَرِيضَةٌ مَحْكَمَةٌ يَكْفُرُ جَاحِدُهَا وَيَفْسُقُ تَارِكُهَا. ثَبَتَتْ فَرْضِيَّتُهُ بِالْكِتَابِ وَهُوَ قَوْله تَعَالَى: {فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ} [البقرة: 185] وقَوْله تَعَالَى: {كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ} [البقرة: 183] . وَبِالسُّنَّةِ وَهُوَ مَا مَرَّ مِنَ الْحَدِيثِ فِي كِتَابِ الصَّلَاةِ، وَقَوْلُهُ – عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ -: «صُومُوا شَهْرَكُمْ» وَعَلَيْهِ إِجْمَاعُ الْأُمَّةِ


DISCLAIMER – efiqh.com questions
efiqh.com answers issues pertaining to Sharī‘ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.efiqh.com for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. efiqh.com bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.

  • The Sharī‘ah ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • efiqh.com bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of efiqh.com
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *