Verbalising Niyyah (Intention) for Fasting

Question:

Salaams…Is it ok to make the verbal intention in our own language such as English, Urdu etc. when keeping a Ramadan fast?

Jazakallah

(Question published as received)

Answer:

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-raḥmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is not obligatory to verbalise the intention for fasting, though it is permissible to do so. It is permissible for one to make the verbal intention in one’s own language. [i]

And Allah Ta‘ālā knows best          
(Mufti) Bilal al-Mahmudi
Fatwa Dept.

Concurred by,
Mufti Zameelur Rahman


[i]

الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار ص: 143

والسنة أن يتلفظ بها، ولا تبطل بالمشيئة بل بالرجوع عنها بأن يعزم ليلا على الفطر

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار). سعيد  2/ 380

قوله: (أن يتلفظ بها) فيقول: نويت أصوم غدا أو هذا اليوم إن نوى نهارا لله عز وجل من فرض رمضان سراج قوله: (ولا تبطل بالمشيئة) أي استحسانا، وهو الصحيح؛ لأنها ليست في معنى حقيقة الاستثناء بل للاستعانة وطلب التوفيق حتى لو أراد حقيقة الاستثناء لا يصير صائما كما في التتارخانية

قوله: (بأن يعزم ليلا على الفطر) فلو عزم عليه ثم أصبح وأمسك ولم ينو الصوم لا يصير صائما تتارخانية

فتاوى رحيمية (7/207) دار الاشاعت


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