Ṣadaqat al-Fiṭr in Cash


Country: United Kingdom

There are an increasing number of salafi articles saying that zakat-ul-fitr can only be given in the form of food and not cash. Can you address this? Is it permissible to give cash?

(Question published as received)


In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-ramatullāhi wa-barakātuh

We have not seen the articles written by salafīs on this matter. Hence, we are not in the position to comment on their article. Nevertheless, the fuqahā’ clearly state that it is permissible for one to give cash equivalent to the value of wheat, barley etc as Ṣadaqat al-Fiṭr. [1]

And Allāh Ta‘ālā Knows Best             

(Mufti) Bilal al-Mahmudi

25 Ramaḍān 1439 / 10 June 2018

[1] Also referred to as Zakāt al-Fiṭr

قال الفقيه أبو الليث السمرقندي – المتوفى ٣٧٣ هـ: عن أبي يوسف قال في زكاة الفطر: والقيمة والدراهم أحب الي من الدقيق وكلما عجلت منفعته في هذه البلاد أحب الي
وذكر عن محمد بن سلمة أنه كان يقول في أيام السعة: دفع القيمة أحب الي وفي أيام الشدة دفع الحنطة أحب الي. (الفتاوى من أقاويل المشايخ في الأحكام الشرعية. ج ١، ص ١٣٧. دار الكتب العلمية)

قال الامام برهان الدين المرغيناني – المتوفى ٥٩٣ هـ: والدراهم أولى من الدقيق. (مختارات النوازل. ص ١٨٧. مكتبة الارشاد إسطنبول)

قال الامام الفقيه عبد الله الموصلي – المتوفى ٦٨٣ هـ: (أو قيمة ذلك) وقد مر في الزكاة. قال أبو يوسف: والدراهم أحب الي من الدقيق لأنه أيسر على الغني وأنفع للفقير.(الاختيار لتعليل المختار. ج ١، ص ٣٨٩. الرسالة العالمية)

قال الامام الفقيه حسن بن عمار الشرنبلالي – المتوفى ١٠٦٩ هـ: ويجوز دفع القيمة، وهي أفضل عند وجدان ما يحتاجه، لأنها أسرع لقضاء حاجة الفقير. (نور الايضاح ونجاة الأرواح. ص ٣٧٣. مكتبة كنوز العلم الهند)

 Fatāwā Raḥīmiyyah (7/195). Dār al-Ishā‘at

Fatāwā Maḥmūdiyyah (9/619). Jāmi‘ah Fārūqiyyah

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