Q: Does a minor child have to fast?
A: Fasting is not obligatory on a minor. A minor is he who is not physically matured (Baaligh); in the case of a male and in the case of a female, she has not attained puberty. However, if by the age of 15 lunar years, the male or female did not become baaligh, they will be regarded as adults and have to fast and fulfil all obligations of Shariah.
Q: Does a sick person have to fast?
A: A sick person is exempted from fasting altogether if there is a genuine reason to believe that the current illness will intensify by fasting or that he will suffer another illness on result of fasting or that his recovery will be prolonged due to fasting.
Q: Can a traveller omit fasting?
A: A shar’ī musāfir (traveller) who embarked on his journey prior to dawn is permitted to omit the fast of that day. As long as he is a shar’ī musāfir, he may omit fasting.
Q: What about travelling during the day?
A: If a person embarked on a journey during the day after Subh Sadiq, he/she will have to fast that day.
Q: Will the application of eye drops break the fast?
A: Using eye drops will not break the fast.
Q: Can eardrops be used [whilst fasting]?
A: If a person’s eardrum is imperforated, he may use ear drops. If someone has perforated ear drums, it will not be permissible to use ear drops.
Q: Can we use insulin injections whilst fasting?
A: It is permissible to use insulin injections. Injections do not break the fast.
Q: Will a nasal spray break the fast?
A: Yes, a nasal spray will break the fast.
Q: I engaged in intercourse with my spouse [whilst fasting]?
A: Intercourse will invalidate the fast and will make Qadhā and Kaffārah compulsory.
Q: I had a wet dream whilst fasting. Is my fast broken?
A: A wet dream will not invalidate the fast.
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
(Hadhrat) Mufti Ebrahim Desai (Hafidhahullah)