Specific Ṭalāq Query

Question:

Country: United Kingdom

Selaam alaikom,

My question is that my wife started working and I once said to her that “if you speak with any man outside of work I will never live with you again” and yes I did mean this as talaaq. Just 2 weeks into work she was seen by my family talking to 3 men in the smoking area (my wife doesn’t smoke), so I was very angry with her and I we had a massive argument I didn’t go near her for a few days but eventually family got involved and I just thought I’d forgive her. But does that mean any talaaq occurred, and if so is it talaaq Bain or talaaq raj’i?
The reason I ask is because it’s been 7 months and this has been on my mind.

JazaakAllah khairan

(Question published as received)

Answer:

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Your statement, “If you speak with any man outside of work, I will never live with you again” will not constitute a Shar‘ī Ṭalāq since you have used the future tense. Hence, your marriage is still intact.[1] However, you should refrain from making such sensitive statements, as one should not take Ṭalāq matters lightly and should exercise caution in this regard.

And Allah Ta’āla knows best          

(Mufti) Bilal Issak al-Mahmudi
Fatwa Dept.

Concurred by,
Mufti Faisal al-Mahmudi


[1]

قال العلامة ابن عابدين الحنفي (المتوفى: 1252هـ) : وكذا المضارع إذا غلب في الحال مثل أطلقك كما في البحر
رد المحتار، ج ٣، ص ٢٤٨. بابي الحلبي

وقال ايضا : صِيغَةُ الْمُضَارِعِ لَا يَقَعُ بِهَا الطَّلَاقُ إلَّا إذَا غَلَبَ فِي الْحَالِ كَمَا صَرَّحَ بِهِ الْكَمَالُ بْنُ الْهُمَامِ
تنقيح الفتاوى الحامدية، ج ١، ص ٢٦٩. شاملة – موقع الاسلام

قال في العالمغيرية : قالت لزوجها من باتو نميباشم فقال الزوج مباش فقالت طلاق بدست تو است مرا طلاق كن فقال الزوج طلاق ميكنم طلاق ميكنم وكرر ثلاثا طلقت ثلاثا بخلاف قوله كنم لأنه استقبال فلم يكن تحقيقا بالتشكيك في المحيط لو قال بالعربية أطلق لا يكون طلاقا إلا إذا غلب استعماله للحال فيكون طلاقا
الفتاوى الهندية، ج ١، ص ٣٨٤. الفصل السابع في الطلاق بالالفاظ الفارسية. دار الفكر

اس صورت میں طلاق واقع نہ ہوگی، اس میں صرف ارادہٗ طلاق کا اظھار ہے
أحسن الفتاوى، ج ٥، ص ١٤٨. سيعد

فتاوى دار العلوم زكريا، ج ٤، ص ٤٤، ٤٥. زمزم

By using the future tense, i.e., saying, “I will” one is expressing his desire to carry out the action in future. For this reason, Ṭalāq will not take place.


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