Enjoining good but not forbidding evil in tabligh jamaat?
This is from islamqa website
They do not speak of munkaraat (evil things), thinking that enjoining what is good is sufficient. Hence we find that they do not speak about evils that are widespread among the people, even though the slogan of this ummah – which they continually repeat – is:
“Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma‘roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful”
[Aal ‘Imraan 3:104 – interpretation of the meaning]
The successful are those who enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, not just those who do only one of the two.
Can you tell me if this is correct what islamqa has mentioned?
(Question published as received)
In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-raḥmatullāhi wa-barakātuh
The success of “Tablīgh Jamā‘ah” is well known. It is as clear as daylight. Thousands of people from all nationalities, Indians, Arabs, Africans and from almost every corner of the globe have inculcated self-consciousness after having affiliated themselves to the “Tablīgh Jamā‘ah”. People who would not perform Ṣalāh have now become sensitive of missing a single ṣalāh with Jamā‘ah. People who did not know of the basic issues of Dīn have now educated themselves on Dīn and seen the light of life. People who were liars have become truthful. People who were negligent towards their basic responsibilities of life have reformed themselves. In order to understand their efforts, one needs to observe the “Tablīgh Jamā‘ah” closely with a fair and objective mind. One will never understand the realities of “Tablīgh Jamā‘ah” by sitting in the ivory tower.
Sharī‘ah advises to convey the message of Dīn with wisdom. Allāh Ta‘ālā says in the Qur’ān:
ٱدۡعُ إِلَىٰ سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِٱلۡحِكۡمَةِ وَٱلۡمَوۡعِظَةِ ٱلۡحَسَنَةِۖ وَجَٰدِلۡهُم بِٱلَّتِي هِيَ أَحۡسَنُۚ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَن ضَلَّ عَن سَبِيلِهِۦ وَهُوَ أَعۡلَمُ بِٱلۡمُهۡتَدِينَ
“Call unto the way of thy Lord with wisdom and fair exhortation, and reason with them in the better way. Lo! Thy Lord is Best Aware of him who strayed from His way, and He is Best Aware of those who go aright.” (Sūrah al-Naḥl, verse 125)
Commanding good and prohibiting is subjective.
If one does not adopt wisdom in his approach to convey the Dīn, the purpose of Tablīgh will be defeated. The focus should be I‘māl (to make one practice) and not confine to I‘lām (merely informing).
What is the point of prohibiting evil without wisdom when one will not desist or does not take heed?
The method of “Tablīgh Jamā‘ah” is to win people over with love and care and instil in them self-consciousness to adopt the Dīn. Such consciousness will lead to abstaining from evil and prohibiting evil.
We are living in an era where we need to compliment all efforts of Dīn. A house is not built with one wall. It will be senseless to build one wall of the house and condemn the contractor for not putting up the roof and windows due to rain and dust (i.e. Munkarāt—evils) coming in to the house. The other walls and roof will protect the house from rain, dust etc.
The “Tablīgh Jamā‘ah” does not and cannot disagree in prohibiting evil. They adopt wisdom and diplomacy in successfully removing evil as witnessed by millions of people around the world.
As a principle, we all are human beings with deficiencies. No effort is flawless. Success lies in constructing our house of Dīn with our shortcomings.
And Allah Ta‘āla knows best
(Mufti) Bilal al-Mahmudi
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai